The City’s response to COVID-19 included an Alternative Shelter Program. This program provided temporary shelter for people experiencing homelessness. The City used hotel rooms, trailers, congregate sites, and Safe Sleep tent sites. These spaces allowed residents to isolate, quarantine, or shelter in place.
As we shifted from response to recovery, the City closed the COVID-19 Alternative Shelter Program in June 2021. Starting on July 1, 2021, many of the programs opened during the COVID-19 response are now either closed or run by the Department of Homelessness and Supportive Housing (HSH).
This page provides historical information about the COVID-19 Alternative Shelter Program from March 2020 through June 2021. Other pages cover how we helped some guests find housing and provide additional information about the Homelessness Recovery Plan.
Overview – COVID-19 Alternative Shelter Program
The City ran four types of shelter in the COVID-19 Alternative Shelter Program:
- Shelter-in-Place (SIP) hotel and trailer sites
- SIP congregate shelter sites
- Isolation and Quarantine (I & Q) sites
- Safe Sleep sites
The Safe Sleep program will continue after the COVID-19 response winds down. Because this program is now part of the City’s normal shelter operations, the information and data on this page does not cover Safe Sleep.
The dashboard below shows the total number of people served by the SIP hotel/trailer, SIP congregate, and I & Q programs.
The dashboard below shows the total rooms available in each program at their highest capacity.
Data Notes: Total SIP hotel rooms and trailers is the number of contracted rooms at the peak of the program. This count removes the estimated number of contracted hotel rooms that were not available for guests. Total SIP congregate shelter beds is the number of beds in the 10 SIP congregate shelters operated during the pandemic. This includes new and repurposed shelters. Total Isolation and Quarantine hotel units and congregate beds is a sum of two numbers: the number of contracted hotels rooms plus the number of beds in the 1 I & Q congregate shelter opened during the pandemic. This count removes the estimated number of contracted hotel rooms that were not available for guests.
Shelter-in-Place (SIP) Hotel and Trailer Sites
Shelter-in-Place (SIP) hotel and trailer sites provided safe places for people experiencing homelessness who may have become very ill from COVID-19. The first SIP sites opened in April 2020. The sites stopped accepting new guests in June 2021. The City helped guests find stable exits and closed all SIP programs before the end of 2022. Get information about the SIP hotel guests and where they went after leaving the hotels.
The City managed as many as 2,408 SIP hotel rooms and trailers during the COVID-19 response.
SIP Congregate Shelter Sites
A congregate site includes shared living spaces. Before the pandemic, the City already supported many homeless shelters. During the pandemic, these sites could not safely shelter as many people as they did originally. COVID-19 reduced the existing system’s capacity by about 70% at the onset of the pandemic
The Alternative Shelter Program implemented life-saving changes to keep guests at 10 SIP congregate shelter sites safe during the pandemic and offer additional shelter capacity. These changes included:
- Re-designing existing congregate shelters in line with safety protocols.
- Creating a new 200-bed congregate shelter site.
At its peak, the COVID-19 Command Center (CCC) operated 1,072 SIP congregate shelter beds in several existing facilities and one new site. In addition to beds operated by the CCC, other beds in the traditional homeless shelter program continued to run during the pandemic. As of June 2021, the City closed the one new congregate shelter site created during the COVID-19 response. The Department of Homelessness and Supportive Housing now operates all other congregate shelter sites.
Isolation and Quarantine Sites
Isolation and Quarantine (I & Q) sites provided safe places for people with COVID-19 to recover. Guests could isolate or quarantine away from others who might become ill if they remained at home. This included people who were unhoused and living in shelters.
I & Q sites included private hotels and a congregate site. Some of these options are no longer available. The City opened and closed I & Q sites as COVID-19 cases increased and decreased over time. The City managed as many as 538 I & Q hotel rooms and shelter beds.
The City launched a Front Line Worker Housing program in the early days of the pandemic. From March to August 2020, this program allowed 1,128 front-line workers to quarantine. After August 2020, City employees continued to have shelter options when needed.
Demographics of the Alternative Shelter Program Guests
The data below provides demographic information on the COVID-19 Alternative Shelter Program guests during the initial COVID-19 response from July 2020 to June 2021.
Click the buttons at the top to switch between:
- SIP hotel, SIP trailer, and SIP congregate shelter guests
- IQ site guests
Updated information is available for guests served through the SIP Hotel program.
Data Notes: Individuals who were guests in both an I & Q site and a SIP site are counted in the demographics for both site types. I & Q sites collected race, ethnicity, and prior living situation data differently from SIP sites. This is because of different state and federal reporting requirements for each site type.